October in the calendar of Antiochus of Athens

Μὴν Ὀκτώβριος.

October

βʹ. Αἲξ ἑσπερία καὶ ὁ Στάχυς ἀνατέλλει. 2.  The Goat arises in the west, and Stachys.
εʹ. ὁ λαμπρὸς τοῦ Στεφάνου ἀνατέλλει · ἐν ἡμέραις θʹ ἐπισημασία. 5.  The radiance of the Crown arises: weather change in 9 days.
ζʹ. Ταύρου οὐρὰ καὶ ὁ λαμπρὸς τῆς βορείας χηλῆς τοῦ σκορπίου ἀνατέλλει. 7. The tail of Taurus and the radiance of the northern claw of Scorpio arise.
θʹ. Στέφανος τελείως ἀνατέλλει · ἐπισημασία. 9.  The crown arises completely : weather change.
ιʹ. Πλειάδων δύσις καὶ Ἔριφοι ἀνατέλλουσι · ἐπισημασία. 10.  The setting of the Pleiades and the Kids [1] rise : weather change.
ιγʹ. Ταύρου οὐρὰ τελεία ἀνατέλλει · ἐπισημασία. 13.  The tail of Taurus arises completely : weather change.
ιζʹ. ὁ ἐν τῶ ἑπομένῳ ὤμῳ τοῦ Ἡνιόχου ἑσπέριος ἀνατέλλει. 17.  The following shoulder of Auriga arises in the west.
ιθʹ. ὁ λαμπρὸς τοῦ βορείου Ἰχθύος ἑσπέριος ἀνατέλλει. 19.  The radiance of the northern Fish arises in the west.
κβʹ. Τὰ Νειλῷα · ἐπισημασία. 22.  The Nile flood [2] : weather change.
κηʹ. Λύρα ἀνατέλλει ἅμα ἡλίῳ καὶ ποιεῖ χειμῶνα καὶ φυλορροεῖν τὰ δένδρα. 28.  The Lyre arises at the same time as the sun, and causes winter and the trees to lose their leaves [3].
λαʹ. ὁ λαμπρὸς τῆς βορείας χηλῆς τοῦ Σκορπίου ἀνατέλλει · ἐπισημασία. 31.  The radiance of the northern claw of Scorpio arises : weather change.

1.  Ἔριφοι is the goat’s kids.
2. See Plutarch, On the mysteries of Isis and Osiris, 268:1. “the water of Nile’s superfluity” on which the note: “τὸ Νειλῷον ὕδωρ—τὰ Νειλῷα was the Feast of the Overflowing of the Nile.”
3.  Not sure what φυλορροεῖν means, but I presume “to lose leaves”.

September in the calendar of Antiochus of Athens

The Chronography of 354 tells us of a Roman state festival on 25 December.  I saw a reference to the Calendar of Antiochus of Athens, quoted to support the idea that this festival was earlier than 354 AD.  After all, Antiochus must pre-date Porphyry, who refers to him.  So I’ve been translating the calendar.  But clearly this is not a calendar of state festivals, but of astronomical events.  Here is the section on September.

Μὴν Σεπτέμβριος.

September

αʹ. Ἰχθὺς νότιος ἐπιτέλλει · ἐπισημασία. 1.  The southern Fish rises : weather change.
εʹ. ὁ λαμπρὸς τοῦ Ὄρνιθος ἑῷος δύνει. 5.  The radiance of the Bird sets in the east.
θʹ. Ἀρκτοῦρος ἐπιτέλλει · ἐπισημασία. 9.  Arcturus rises : weather change.
ιαʹ. Αἲξ ἀνατέλλει. 11.  The Goat arises.
ιϛʹ. ὁ λαμπρὸς τῆς νοτίας χηλῆς τοῦ Σκορπίου κρύπτεται. 16.  The radiance of the southern claw of Scorpio is absent from the sky.
ιθʹ. ὁ ἐν τῷ ἑπομένῳ ὤμῳ τοῦ Ἡνιόχου ἑσπέριος ἀνατέλλει. 19.  The region of the following shoulder of Auriga [1] arises in the west.
κβʹ. Ἰχθύες δύνουσιν · ἐπισημασία. 22.  The Fishes have set : weather change.
κεʹ. ἰσημερία μετοπωρινή. 25.  Autumnal equinox.
κηʹ. Ἀρκτοῦρος ἑῷος ἀνατέλλει. 28.  Arcturus arises in the east.

1. Auriga is the constellation of the “Charioteer”.

I’m using my QuickGreek tool to translate this stuff.  It does not recognise everything.  But I find that entering a phase into Google often takes me to a parallel Septuagint-English such as this, which elucidates some obscure words. 

August in the calendar of Antiochus of Athens

Μὴν Αὔγουστος. August
αʹ. Λέων ἀνατέλλει · ἐπισημασία. 1.  Leo arises : weather change.
βʹ. γαυρίαμα Κυνὸς σὺν εξάλματι Λέοντος. 2.  The exaltation of Sirius with the interval of Leo.
ζʹ. Ὑδροχόος μέσος δύνει · ἐπισημασία. 7.  The middle of Aquarius sets : weather change.
ιαʹ. ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς καρδίας τοῦ Λέοντος ἀνατέλλει καὶ Λύρα δύνει · ἐπισημασία. 11.  The region next to the heart of Leo arises and the Lyre sets : weather change.
ιζʹ. ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς οὐρᾶς τοῦ Λέοντος κρύπτεται καὶ Δελφὶς δύνει · ἐπισημασία. 17.  The region near the tail of Leo is absent from the sky and the Dolphon sets : weather change.
καʹ. ὁ λαμπρὸς τοῦ Ὑδροχόου ἐπιτέλλει. 21.  The radiance of Aquarius rises.
κγʹ. ὁ λαμπρὸς τοῦ νοτίου Ἰχθύος ἑσπέριος ἀνατέλλει. 23.  The radiance of the southern Fish arises in the west.
κηʹ. ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς οὐρας τοῦ Λέοντος ἐπιτέλλει. 28.  The region near the tail of Leo rises.
λʹ. Ἀνδρομέδα ἀνατέλλει · ἐπισημασία. 30.  Andromeda arises : weather change.
λαʹ. ὁ Στάχυς κρύπτεται · ἐπισημασία. 31. Stachys[1] is absent from the sky : weather change.

1. L&S.: “name of the chief star in the constellation Virgo, Spica Virginis, Arat. 97, Ptol. Alm. 7.5 : in pl., Man. 2.134 .”

July in the calendar of Antiochus of Athens

Μὴν Ἰούλιος. July
βʹ. ὁ ἐπὶ κεφαλῆς τοῦ ἡγουμένου τῶν Διδύμων ἐπιτέλλει. 2. The region next to the head of the leading part of Gemini rises.
θʹ. Κηφεὺς ἀνατέλλει · ἐπισημασία. 9.  Cepheus rises : weather change.
ιαʹ. Ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς καρδίας τοῦ Λέοντος κρύπτεται. 11. The region next to the heart of Leo is absent from the sky.
ιδʹ. Ὠρίων τελείως ἀνατέλλει ἅμα ἡλίῳ καὶ ποιεῖ ὕδατα καὶ ἀνέμους. 14. Orion rises completely at the same time as the sun, and causes rain and winds.
ιθʹ. Κυνὸς ἐπιτολὴ κατʹ Αἰγυπτίους. 19. Sirius rising according to the Egyptians.
καʹ. Ὑδροχόος δύνει · ἐπισημασία. 21.  Aquarius sets : weather change.
κεʹ. Κυνὸς ἐπιτολὴ ἐν τῷ δʹ κλίματι. 25.  Sirius rising in the 4th clima [1].
κζʹ. Ἡ Λύρα δύνει. 27.  The Lyre sets.
κθʹ. Κυνὸς ἐπιτολὴ ἐν τῶ ϛ̕ κλίματι. 29.  Sirius rising in the 6th clima.

1. There are seven astrological zones.

June in the calendar of Antiochus of Athens

Μὴν Ἰούνιος. June
αʹ. ὁ λαμπρὸς τῶν Ὑάδων ἐπιτέλλει καὶ Ἀετὸς ἀνατέλλει · ἐπισημασία. 1.  The radiance of the Hyades rises and the Eagle arises : weather change.
ϛ̕. ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς κεφαλῆς<…> τῶν Διδύμων λαμπρὸς κρύπτεται · ἐπισημασία. 6.  The region next to the head <…> the radiance of Gemini is absent from the sky : weather change.
ιγʹ. Ὠρίων ἄρχεται ἐπιτέλλων · καὶ ποιεῖ κλόνους καὶ ταραχὰς βροντῶν. 13. Orion begins rising : and makes thunderous shakings and disorders.
καʹ. ὁ λαμπρὸς τοῦ Ὑδροχόου κρύπτεταὶ. 21.  The radiance of Aquarius is absent from the sky.
κδʹ. τροπὴ θερινή. 24.  The summer solstice.
κεʹ. Ὠρίωνος Ζώνη ἐπιτέλλει · ἐπισημασία. 25.  The belt of Orion rises : weather change.

More on the “birth of the sun” at Chronicon blog

Tom Schmidt is still excerpting material from ancient sources on this mysterious “birth of the sun” on 25 Dec.  And he’s translating some untranslated material himself!  He’s got a bit from Hephaistio of Thebes on Antiochus of Athens.  Read it here.

May in the calendar of Antiochus of Athens

Μὴν Μάϊος. May
αʹ. Ὑάδων ἐπιτολή · ἐπισημασία. 1.  The rising of the Hyades : weather change.
βʹ. ὁ λαμπρὸς τῆς Λύρας ἑσπέριος ἀνατέλλει · ἐπισημασία. 2.  The radiance of the Lyre arises in the west : weather change.
δʹ. Αἲξ ἑσπερία δύνει · ἐπισημασία. 3.  The Goat sets in the west : weather change.
θʹ. Πλειάδες ἀνατέλλουσιν ἅμα ἡλίὤ ·  ἐπισημασία. 9.  The Pleiades rise at the same time as the sun : weather change.
ιαʹ. ὁ τοῦ ἡγουμένου ὤμου τοῦ Ὠρίωνος κρύπτεται. 11.  The leading shoulder of Orion is absent from the sky.
ιγʹ. ὁ Κύων κρύπτεται καὶ ὁ ἐν τῷ δεξιῷ βραχίονι τοῦ Κενταῦρου ἑσπέριος ἀνατέλλει. 13.  Sirius is absent from the sky and rises in the right arm of the Centaur in the west.
ιζʹ. Ἀντάρης ἑῷος δύνει. 17.  Antares sets in the east.
ιηʹ. Αἲξ ἑσπερία ἀνατέλλει. 18.  The Goat arises in the west.
καʹ. Ἀρκτοῦρος ἑῷος δύνει ·  ἐπισημασία. 21.  Arcturus sets in the east :  weather change.
κγʹ. Ὑάδες καὶ Ἀετὸς ἀνατέλλουσιν · ἐπισημασία ἐν ἡμέραις ἑπτά. 23.  The Hyades and the Eagle arise : weather change in seven days time.
κεʹ. παχνίτου ἔκβασις. 25.  End of Pachnite.
κηʹ. Προκύων κρύπτεται καὶ ὁ λαμπρὸς τοῦ Ἀετοῦ ἑσπερ́ριος ἀνατέλλει. 28.  Procyon is absent from the sky and the radiance of the Eagle arises in the west.
λαʹ. Πλειάδων ἐπιτολή. 31.  The rising of the Pleiades.

April in the calendar of Antiochus of Athens

The second century astrologer continues:

Μὴν Ἀπρίλλιος. April
αʹ. ὁ λαμπρὸς τῆς νοτίας χηλῆς τοῦ Σκορπίου ἑσπέριος ἀνατέλλει καὶ Πλειάδες κρύπτονται · ἐμισημασια. 1.  The radiance of the southern claw of Scorpio arises in the west, and  the Pleiades are absent from the sky.
εʹ. Πλειάδες τελείως κρύπτονται · ἐμισημασια. 5.  The pleiades are completely absent from the sky : weather change.
ιʹ. ὕψωμα ἡλίου. 10.  The lifting-high of the sun.[1]
ιδʹ. Κάνωβος κρύπτεται. 14.  Canopus is absent from the sky.
κʹ. ὁ λαμπρὸς τοῦ Περσέως δύνει. 20.  The radiance of Perseus sets.
κβʹ. ἀρχὴ παχνίτου. 22.  Beginning of Pachnite.[2]
κηʹ. ὁ ἐπὶ τοῦ  ἡγουμένου ποδὸς τοῦ Ὠρίωνος καὶ ὁ μέσος τῆς Ζώνης κρύπτεται · ἐπισημασία. 28.  From the leading foot to the middle of the belt of Orion is absent from the sky : weather change.
λʹ. Κύων κρύπτεται · ἐπισημασία. 30.  Sirius is absent from the sky : weather change.

1. Boll’s note indicates that the sun would be high in some constellation — in Aries, in this case.  He adds: “Since the equinox is given on 22nd March, the hupsoma takes place 20 days later, on the 10th April.  This addition is found in none of the other calendars.”
2. The word is found in no lexicon, so Boll tells us, but seems to be a month in some calendar, as it ends on the entry for 25 May, 33 days later.  Possibly it relates to Pharmuthi?

March in the calendar of Antiochus of Athens

Here’s the next chunk of the astrological calendar of Antiochus of Athens.

Μὴν Μάρτιος March
αʹ. ὁ κοινὸς Ἵππου καὶ Ἀνδρομέδας ἑσπέριος ἀνατέλλει. 1. The common region of the Horse and Andromeda arises in the west.
γʹ. ὁ ἔσχατος τοῦ Ποταμοῦ <…> καὶ Ἰχθὺς νότιος ἀνατέλλει · ἐπισημασία. 3. The end of the River <…> and the Fish arises in the south : weather change.
εʹ. Ἀρκτοῦρος ἀνατέλλει · ἐπισημασία. 5. Arcturus arises : weather change.
ιαʹ.  Ἵππος δύνει · ἐπισημασία. 11. The Horse sets : weather change.
ιβʹ. ὁ Στάχυς ἑσπέριος ἐνατέλλει. 12. Spica Virginis [1] arises in the west.
ιδʹ. ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς οὐρᾶς τοῦ Λέοντος ἑῷος δύνει. 14. The region next to the tail of Leo sets in the east.
ιϛ̕. Ὑάδες ἀνατέλλουσιν · ἐπισημασία. 16. The Hyades rise : weather change.
κβʹ. ἰσημερία ἐαρινή. 22. Spring equinox.
κζʹ. ὁ Στάχυς ἑῷος δύνει · ἐπισημασία. 27.  Spica Virginis sets in the east : weather change.
λʹ. ὁ λαμπρὸς τοῦ Περσέως ἑῷος δύνει. 30.  The radiance of Perseus sets in the east.

1. I learn from Liddle and Scott that Stachys is the “name of the chief star in the constellation Virgo, Spica Virginis, Arat. 97, Ptol. Alm. 7.5 : in pl., Man. 2.134 .”

February in the Calendar of Antiochus of Athens

Here’s the next portion of the calendar.
Μὴν Φεβρουάριος. February
αʹ. ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς καρδίας τοῦ Λέοντος ἑῷος δύνει. 1. The region over the heart of Leo sets in the east.
δʹ. ὁ λαμπρὸς τῆς Λύρας ἑσπέριος δύνει · ἐπισημασία ἀκινδυνος. 4. The radiance of the Lyre sets in the west: harmless weather change.
ϛ̕. ὁ λαμπρὸς τοῦ Ὄρνιθος ἑσπέριος ἀνατέλλει. 6. The radiance of the Bird arises in the west.
ιγʹ. ὁ ἐπὶ τοῦ δεξιοῦ Βραχίονος τοῦ Κενταύρου ἑῷος δύνει. 13.  The right arm of the Centaur sets in the east.
ιθʹ. ἡ Παρθένος δύνει · ἐπισημασία. 19.  Virgo sets: weather change.
κγʹ. ὁ κοινὸς τοῦ Ἵππου καὶ τῆς Ἀνδρομέδας κρύπτεται · ἐπισημασία. 23.  The overlap between the Horse and Andromeda is hidden: weather change.
κεʹ. ὁ ἔσχατος τοῦ Ποταμοῦ < … > καὶ Ἰχθὺς νότιος ἀνατέλλει · ἐπισημασία. 25.  The final bit of the River <…> and the Fish arises in the south: weather change.
κζʹ. ὁ Ἀρκτοῦρος ἄρχεται ἀνατέλλων · ἐπισημασία. 27.  Arcturus begins to rise: weather change.