It is often said that Serapis was a fake god, invented by Ptolemy Soter in order to unify the Greeks and Egyptians in his realm. This has led me to wonder what the sources are for this statement.
A look at the Wikipedia article gives very little information.
Gibbon tells us that Macrobius, book 1, chapter 7, gives us some info; also Tacitus, Hist. iv., 83. From Plutarch, De Iside et Osiride 28 we learn of the importation of the cult from Pontus by Ptolemy Soter.
But nowhere do I find “Ptolemy invented this.” Hum.
While looking for information, I came across some other interesting translations online at Google Books: Pausanias, Description of Greece, tr. Thomas Taylor (1824), online vol.1, vol.2, vol.3. Also there is Arrian’s Voyage around the Euxine sea (1805)