I was unfamiliar with this item until today, and I doubt that I am alone in this.
In 1959 a group of eight Tabernae were excavated at Puteoli. Taberna 5 was a guesthouse, as is clear from the graffiti within it. These mention various names and cities.
On the west wall of taberna 5, a mass of graffiti included the following graffito of a crucified woman. The cross is 40 cm high, the cross-piece is 26 cm long, and the figure is 35 cm high. The graffiti belongs to the reign of Trajan or Hadrian.
A name, Ἀλκίμιλα (= Alkimila, Alkimilla), is inscribed over the left-hand side of the image, above the shoulder, suggesting that this is the name of the person in question. It is also possible that this is a form of curse text, rather than a record of an actual event. The marks across the body are perhaps from flaying or whipping.
- Details via John Granger Cook, Crucifixion in the Mediterranean World, 2014, p.203-4, which gives a photograph of the graffito and the inscription, and a good bibliography.↩
- Published in M. Guarducci, “Iscrizioni grechi e latine in una taberna a Pozzuoli”, Acta of the Fifth International Congress of Greek and Latin Epigraphy Cambridge, 1967, Oxford (1971), 219-223.↩