Giwargis Warda

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Giwargis/Giwardis Warda (East Syriac/Nestorian; fl. first half of the 13th century) was a famous poet from Arbela, who lived during the period of the Mongol invasions. Several of his poems deal with contemporary events, including the sack of Karamlais by the Mongols in 1235/6.

Many of his hymns were adapted for use in the liturgy, and one of the Nestorian service books, which contains them, is known ias 'Warda' (=Rose).

He wrote around 150 poems, mainly on the lives of the saints, or feast-days in the church calendar. Only 23 have so far been published.


  • Edition dreier syrischen Lieder [By Giwargis Warda] nach einer Handschrift der Berliner Königlichen Bibliothek. Inaugural-Dissertation ... von Aladar Deutsch. [Syriac text with an introduction, notes and German translation of 3 hymns] Berlin (1895) pp. 29, 26; 8o.
  • Isak Folkmann, Ausgewahlte Nestorianische Kirchenlieder uber das Martyrium des heil. Georg von Giwargis Warda, mit Einleitung, Anmerkungen und deutscher Ubersetzung. (Dissertation) Kirchhain : M. Schmersow(1896). 48, 55p. 22cm.