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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Syriac Literature.
Notes on Syriac Grammar -- Vatican Syriac manuscripts -- Catalogues of Syriac manuscripts -- François Nau
A. The 1st to 3rd centuries A.D.
The most obscure period of Syriac literature.
- The Diatessaron
- The Old Syriac Gospels
- Bardaisan and the Book of the Laws of the Countries.
- The Odes of Solomon
- The Acts of Thomas
- Pseudo-Melito's Apology
- The Syriac Sentences of Menander
- The Letter of Mara
- The Story of the 'Aramaean sage' Ahikar
B. The 4th century A.D.
The first substantial works commence from the middle and second half of the 4th century.
- Aphrahat (Aphraates, 'Jacob of Nisibis')
- Ephrem (Ephraim Syrus)
- Liber Graduum (The Book of Steps)
C. The 5th to mid-7th centuries A.D.
- John the Solitary (John of Apamea)
- Anonymous prose hagiography
- Marutha of Maiperkat
- Isaac of Seleucia-Ctesiphon
- Jacob of Serugh (W)
- Simeon the Potter (W)
- Philoxenus (W)
- Isaac of Antioch -- a name covering more than one person
- Symmachus (W)
- Joshua the Stylite (W) - author of an eyewitness Chronicle of the Persian war of Anastasius.
- Stephen bar Sudhaili (W) - a pantheist
- Sergius of Resh`aina (W) - the translator
- Simeon of Beth Arsham (W) - wrote to those persecuted by Jewish Arabs in Yemen
- Elias (W)
- Daniel of Salah (W)
- Thomas of Edessa (E)
- Cyrus of Edessa (E)
- The Chronicle of Edessa (W)
- John of Ephesus (W) - Justinian's evangelist to pagans. Author of two histories
- Peter of Kallinikos (W)
- Zacharias Rhetor (W)
- Abraham of Nathpar (E)
- Anonymous literature of the 6th century
- Barhadbeshabba `Arbaya (E)
- Barhadbeshabba of Halwan (E)
- Shubhalmaran (Subhalmaran) (E)
- Babai the Great (E)
- Martyrius (Sahdona) (E) - Tried to introduce ideas of Chrysostom.
- Isho`yahb II (E)
- John of the Sedre (W)
- Marutha (W)
- Gregory of Cyprus (E) - A Persian monk who spent time in Cyprus
- Anonymous literature of the early 7th century
D. Mid-7th to 13th century A.D.
In the middle of the 7th century, the Syriac-speaking world was occupied by the Arabs.
Second half of the 7th century
- Severus Sebokht (W) - greatest scientist and astronomer of his day
- Gabriel of Qatar (E)
- Abraham bar Lipeh of Qatar (E)
- The Khuzistan Chronicle (E) - covers end of Sassanid and start of Arab periods.
- Isho`yahb III (E)
- Isaac of Nineveh (Isaac the Syrian) (E) - most influential Syrian ascetic writer in the Greek and Latin west.
- Shem'on the graceful (Shem'on d-Taybutheh) (E)
- Dadisho' (E)
- John bar Penkaye (E) - world history includes eye-witness account of Arab conquest
- The Apocalypse of Methodius
- Hagiography of the 7th century
- Jacob of Edessa (=James of Edessa) (W) - translator from Greek
- George, bishop of the Arab tribes (W) - pupil of Severus Sebokht
- The Diyarbekir Commentary (E)
- Sergius the Stylite of Gusit (W) - apologist against the Jews
- Elia (E)
- John of Dalyatha (=John Saba) (E)
- Joseph Hazzaya, "the seer" (E)
- Abraham bar Dashandad, "the lame" (W)
- The Chronicle of Dionysius of Tel-Mahre (Chronicle of Zuqnin) (W)
- Theodore bar Koni (E) - Author of the Liber scholiorum
- Timothy I (E) - letters on Greek manuscripts and Dead Sea scrolls
- Isho` bar Nun (E)
- Job of Edessa (E)
- John of Dara (W)
- Isho`dad of Merv (E)
- Nonnus (W)
- Antony of Tagrit (W)
- Ps.George of Arbela (E)
- Thomas, bishop of Marga (E) - Author of the Book of the Governors
- Isho`dnah (E)
- The anonymous commentary on the Old and New Testament (E)
- Moshe bar Kepha (W)
- Chronicle of Seert
- Dionysius bar Salibi (Dionysius Syrus / Jacob bar Salibi) (W)
- Elijah III Abu Halim (E)
- Michael the Great (Michael the Syrian) (W) - Author of a massive Chronicle
- John bar Zo`bi (E)
- Solomon of Bosra (E)
- Giwargis Warda (E)
- The Chronicle of 1234 (W)
- Jacob Severus bar Shakko (W)
- Gregory Barhebraeus (Bar'ebroyo / Abu 'L Faraj / Gregorius Abulpharagius) (W)
E. The 13th to 14th centuries A.D.
Syriac is displaced by Arabic in the West in this period.
- `Abdisho` bar Brika (Ebed Jesu) (E) 1250-1318 AD. - wrote list of Syriac writers
- Khamis bar Qardahe (E) Late 13th/early 14th century.
- Dioscorus of Gozarto (E) Late 13th/early 14th century.
- The History of Yahballaha and Rabban Sauma (E). Soon after 1317.
- Timothy II (E) Died 1353 AD.