From Encyclopedia of Syriac Literature
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Notes on Syriac Grammar

Much simpler than Latin.


Nouns do not decline. They change by number (singular and plural), gender (masculine or feminine), and 'state' (emphatic, absolute, and construct).

Number and gender are as in Latin.

'State' is peculiar to Aramaic. 'Emphatic' has no connection with emphasis. No idea what emphatic and absolute indicate otherwise. (Perhaps we translate them both the same?) Construct is used like a genetive, when one noun in construct precedes another in emphatic (like romanorum imperator - GEN+NOM). But genetive is normally handled by a specific symbol (in serto in green book).

(How do they do direct object/indirect object?)


Verbs have only perfect tense and imperfect tense, plus a rash of participles and infinitives. (So how do they handle present, future).