15th May 2013: Pascal Lemaire kindly sent me photographs of a head at Arles, which seems to be CIMRM 881.
11th May 2013: Added magical gem CIMRM 2366.
10th May 2013: Reworked CIMRM 415, quite accidentally, after coming across a photo showing a different view of the monument. Restorers have been at work, I think! Also the Album from Virunum, or what information I can find about it.
8th May 2013: Added CIMRM 1718.
23rd April 2013: I'm still working on the site, and I've added a few more monuments, and will keep doing so. Today I uploaded a modification to the scripts for the website. The logs show persistent attempts to hack the site, and I have felt obliged to increase the security a bit.
9th April 2013: Added CIMRM 2364, a gem with both Mithraic and magical symbols on it.
3rd April 2013: Added CIMRM 472-5, three inscriptions in Greek by a pater named Castus, a Raven and some Lions. Important as linking Mithras to Phanes.
2nd April 2013: Added CIMRM 40-41, the upper tauroctony from Dura Europos.
20th March 2013: Added CIMRM 34, the Mithraeum at Dura Europos in Syria.
14th March 2013: Added a page on the Cincinnati tauroctony.
13th March 2013: Added more material to the Santo Stefano Rotondo page; inclding a tauroctony and a fresco of Luna. Also a tauroctony in the Virginia Museum of Fine Art. Also a discussion of the taurobolium and Mithras on the tauroctony page.
12th March 2013: Updated the S. Stefano Rotondo Mithraeum page with a new item, an altar to Cautopates, and corrected the woefully inaccurate transcription from Wikimedia Commons from Merkelbach.
11th March 2013: Added a tauroctony sold at Christies in London in 2012.
9th March 2013: Added some monuments from Alba Iulia, Romania.
8th March 2013: Added a bunch of stuff connected with the Bordeaux Mithraeum in 1986. There is also, I read somewhere, a Cautes found before the Mithraeum was, just as the Cautopates in CIMRM 893 was. And what a joy it was, creating that last page, to find that the Esperandieu volume mentioned was online and so I could get a photo of the monument!
5th March 2013: Added Altar with lion-headed god. Bordeaux, France. I came across the image quite by accident. Apparently found in 1986. Wish I knew more about it.
5th March 2013: CIMRM 318, a brooch from Ostia, now in the Ashmolean in Oxford. The first photograph of a Mithraic monument that I have taken myself!
26th February 2013: I have removed a sentence from the Mithras and Christianity article, derived from what I believed was the reliable version of Wikipedia: "Unusually amongst Roman mystery cults, the mysteries of Mithras had no 'public' face; worship of Mithras was confined to initiates, and they could only undertake such worship in the secrecy of the Mithraeum. 1" I noted the lack of a quotation: and the page referenced in Burkert may be found here and contains no such statement. It seems that someone has deliberately added material with bogus references.
Also added a page on the Mithraeum discovered at Lugo in Spain in 2003.
19th February 2013: Added CIMRM 420, the two monuments of Vettius Agorius Praetextatus which mention his priesthood of Mithras.
15th February 2013: Added a testimony from John the Lydian to the literary sources. Also some material to the CIMRM page, including an image of the title page. Added CIMRM 1257 through to CIMRM 1263, all from the Dieburg Mithraeum.
9th February 2013: Added CIMRM 1271, a fragment from Dieburg which rather suggests a second Mithraeum may exist there somewhere. Also went through the pages for items not in the CIMRM and labelled them firmly "CIMRM Supplement". That may sound presumptuous; but what else are they? I'd better write a little page on this also.
1st February 2013: Some tweaking of the main page and the Christianity page. Added the three Old Persian inscriptions that mention Mitra. Irrelevant to Mithras; but they're in the CIMRM.
26th January 2013: Added CIMRM 10, the Ai-Todor (Charax) fragments, and CIMRM 11 and CIMRM 12, two of the five terracottas of "Mithras-Attis" from Kerch or Kertch, ancient Panticapaeum, in the Crimea. Vermaseren does not list the other three. I spent some time trying to locate Russian sources, but without luck. I also added CIMRM 13, which is mysterious; could this be from Olbria (mentioned in the materials I found for CIMRM 10)? Also added CIMRM 1-6, which are a bunch of coins from Bactria / India. These, quite evidently, have not the slightest relevance to Mithras. A browse of the useful Coins of India site, that I link to, makes clear how vague and arbitary the coin types are.
24th January 2013: Apologies for the bunch of formatting glitches visible. I have no idea why these are happening -- in my editor mode, I don't get them. Time to debug. Update: fixed: all to do with destination anchors.
Added CIMRM 389, the map of the Barberini Mithraeum. Also worked on the Earliest records of Mithras page, adding monuments like CIMRM 362 and CIMRM 2268. I also added a gallery of blow-up images to the Marino Mithraeum page. Also added a couple of pages on the Caesarea Mithraeum.
23rd January 2013: Did a fix that allows the page menus to work properly. Also added numerals to headers in page. Created a page for the TMMM. Added a couple of literary testimonies; by Libanius, and from the Carmen adversus Flavianum. Added the five frescos of an initiation from S. Capua Vetere and a gallery of them on the main article page.
Also added CIMRM 1083. This is a really complex and detailed tauroctony from Nida-Hedderheim in Germany, which, Vermaseren states, appears in every single book that ever mentions Mithras. It's currently in Wiesbaden. But, amazingly, there are no photographs of it online that I can find!
22nd January 2013: Added Fresco of tauroctony. Marino, Italy. Added CIMRM 423, an inscription by Proficentius, needed because I went through the section in the main article on initiation and checked every bit of it. I was always suspicious of that table of objects and planets, and, sure enough, it contained rubbish and mis-statement. No longer!
19th January 2013: Added CIMRM 839, 840, 841, 842 and 843, a single page for the Rudchester altars. A lot of work in looking up stuff for these!
18th January 2013: Added the three Mithraea at ancient Poetovio, called Pettau during Austrian rule and now Ptuj, in Slovenia: CIMRM 1487, CIMRM 1509, CIMRM 1578. Also added a redirect feature, for where several CIMRM numbers share one page.
17th January 2013: Added CIMRM 1579. Added a couple of references to the gallery of line-drawings online.
16th January 2013: Added what information I had on the 1997 find of two Mithraea in Commagene, at Doliche. Did fixes to the Mithraeum and Jupiter Dolichenus sections of the main article. What shocks me - again - is that people had corrupted this stuff, even in the 2010 Wikipedia article which I had thought was reasonable; references that aren't right, claims not verified, and so on.
12th January 2013: Added a bunch of items from the Walbrook Mithraeum, and also a couple from St Albans. One of these was an amulet with the words "MITHRAS OROMASDES" on it and a rock-birth on the reverse, associating the Persian deity Ahura Mazda with Mithras. Interesting!
11th January 2013: Continuing to work on Vermaseren's line-drawings. Added CIMRM 1246, the Dieburg Mithraeum, and CIMRM 1247, the two-sided pivoting relief. Added CIMRM 808 a cellar in a field in Kent, once supposed to be a Mithraeum; and CIMRM 809, an inscription from Caerleon (now RIB 322). Annoyingly I can find no indication of a depiction of the latter. (UPDATE: found one! in a drawing from the 1850's!) Added CIMRM822. I found an image at Getty Images, which looked interesting. But the terms and conditions were horribly, horribly greedy. Luckily I was able to find other images elsewhere, one of which was actually better quality (not to mention the right way round!).
10th January 2013: Added CIMRM 54, a graffito from Dura with names of patres etc. I removed some material about initiation from the main article, copied from Wikipedia, after discovering that it was bogus. See my notes here. Added CIMRM 1301. Added a gallery of images from Vermaseren's "Mithras: the secret god". These line drawings appear everywhere, and linking them to the real data would be useful (as well as fun!).
9th January 2013: Added an entry for Nemrud Dag, CIMRM 28, mainly because of a gorgeous photo of the site:
Also a couple of pages for S. Maria Capua Vetere. The quality of online colour photos varies quite a bit: the CIMRM 81 photo is noticeably clearer than most.
Added the remaining entries for Nemrud Dag.
Added CIMRM 1896, the reverse of which shows a Mithraic "communion", with loaves marked with crosses, and initiates wearing costume masks of raven, lion, etc. This is often shown online, but was quite hard to tie back to the CIMRM. Some notes of the trail have been included accordingly.
Also added cimrm830, cimrm831 and cimrm 832. These are three items from Chester, and, interestingly, it looks as if Vermaseren never saw them. On 830 he is horribly confused. I have assembled the data, but I feel that a trip to photograph the items in Chester Grosvenor Museum would be good.
8th January 2013: Added CIMRM 2120-2121 and CIMRM 2122-2123. Altered scripts to give better page titles. Added CIMRM 335 and hunted down original drawing of this now lost tauroctony, instead of Cumont's re-drawing.
7th January 2013: Added a Heidelberg picture of Mithras born from the rock. Did a tweak to the upload wizard to make handling non-CIMRM images easier.
5th January 2013: Added a bunch of articles on items from the lost Mithraeum at Sidon in Lebanon. I added stuff to the Mithraeum page; there is a gallery there of the CIMRM pages. Lots of work in all this. Interesting to find that the CIMRM images are actually just a reproduction of plates from the De Ridder catalogue of 1906!
4th January 2013: Added Cautes and Cautopates article, and CIMRM 254-255. I've also worked on the tauroctony article. Some of the material is stuff that I contributed to Wikipedia; but it is telling to find a claim that CIMRM 593 is ca. 100 A.D., with five references to scholarly material; when the first references, on verifying them, turn out to say nothing of the kind. I have placed a footnote in my revised version to warn the reader.
All the above was done last night. Today I did a bunch of layout fixes. More time-consuming than you would think. Attempted to add "Like" buttons for various services - couldn't get it to work.
Added Discus comments. If they become a nuisance, I will remove them again.
I worked a bit on the Mithras and Christianity article. The Wikipedia copy that I used as a basis was here not quite the last reliable version, and contained material from Edwin Yamauchi. Yamauchi appears to be a biblical scholar specialising in pre-Christian gnosticism (mostly in debunking it; I rather warmed to him, as I read some of his publications), rather than a Mithras specialist, and I had removed him from the Wikipedia article. Not because I disagreed with him on the points at issue -- on the contrary -- but because I didn't feel that he was a specialist in the field. But my reward, in traipsing through some of the stuff again, was to come across a paper that he gave at the 2nd International Congress in Mithraic Studies, with a potential reference to Mithras as rock-born in the Nag Hammadi "Apocalypse of Adam". That question will certainly have to appear somewhere.
CIMRM 1400. Tauroctony from Sterzing in
the Tyrol. Colour is modern.
3rd January 2013: Added israel_museum_97_95_19, a 2-3rd century tauroctony from Syria now in the Israel Museum, with a Greek inscription and some unusual and very clear artwork. That involved a lot of hunting around!
Did some bug fixing and added CIMRM 1584, an altar from Ptuj (Poetiovo) which depicts Mithras and Sol having a barbeque, and also Mithras shooting a bow at something. The photos are really not very clear, tho.
2nd January 2013: I think a note as to additions and changes would be helpful. Today I've been working on the selected monuments page, formatting it so that there is a gallery of images instead of just a raw list of items.
Also added a page on the basilica of S. Clemente in Rome, CIMRM 338. Also a bogus "good shepherd", actually St. Peter, is CIMRM 345. I found Nolan's book online after searching for '"dominicum clementis" mithra good shepherd' and extracted the image of the figurine from it. There seem to be more items from the Mithraeum illustrated by Nolan, which I shall grab. Also added CIMRM 339, a photo of all 4 sides of the main altar at S. Clemente.
I think I've now got an entry for all the CIMRM entries relating to San Clemente. The main article could use a map, tho - there's one in the TMMM.
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