King Antiochus I of Commagene (69-34 B.C.) had a sepulchral monument
erected on the terrace of Nemrud-Dagh during his life. On the east part of the
terrace the king had five colossal statues of about 8 m high erected between a lion
and an eagle. The gods are represented in a sitting posture on a throne and are:
Apollo-Mithras (see below); Tyche-Commagene; Zeus-Ahura-Mazda; Antiochus
himself and finally Ares-Artagnes.
On the backs of the five thrones an inscription has been engraved (No. 32).
On the western part of the terrace, again between a lion and an eagle;-there are
five representations of the same deities, though here rendered in relief. They are
represented either enthroned or standing, holding out their hands to Antiochus.
First of all Tyche-Commagene, handing gifts to the king; then Apollo-Mithras-Helios
(see below); in the middle Zeus-Ahura-Mazda enthrones and then Ares-Artagnes-Heracles.
The fifth relief depicts the king's horoscope (see below).