Greek gospel catenas 2: catenas on Mark

Continuing our series, we reach catenas on Mark.

Victor of Antioch composed Commentaries on Mark.  Two versions are known.  The fragments come mainly from:

  • Chrysostom, Sermons on Matthew
  • Origen, Commentary on Matthew
  • Origen, Commentary on John
  • Cyril of Alexandria, Sermons on Luke
  • Titus of Bostra, Commentaries on Luke

There are also some extracts from:

  • Basil of Caesarea, on Mark 9:50.
  • Gregory of Nyssa, on Mark 15:29-32.
  • Ambrose and Augustine (in Greek translation), on Mark 14:34.

Other catenas include:

  • An anonymous catena in Vatican gr. 1692, which also contains the Ambrose/Augustine material.
  • 180 extracts are present in Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale gr. 194.
  • A few may be found in Rome, Palatinus gr. 220; Vatican gr. 349; Biblioteca dei Lincei A. 300.

Editions:  Reuss did not publish a catena on Mark.  Instead we have rather older editions of Victor’s catena.

  • T. Peltano, Victoris Antiocheni Commentarii, Ingolstadt (1580).  There is no indication which recension this is.

Recension 1:

  • C. F. Matthaei, Βίκτωρος πρεσβυτέρου Ἀντιοχείας καὶ ἄλλων τινῶν ἁγίων πατέρων ἐξήγησις εἰς τὸ κατὰ Μάρκον ἅγιον εὐαγγέλιον ex codicibus Mosquensibus, 2 vols, Moscow (1775)
  • S. Markfi, Codex graecus quatuor Euangeliorum e Bibliotheca Uniuersitatis Pestinensis cum interpretatione hungarica, Pestini (1860), pp. 125-201.

Recension 2:

  • P. Possinus, Catena Graecorum Patrum in euangelium secundum Marcum, Rome (1672)
  • J. Cramer, Catenae Graecorum Patrum in Novum Testamentum, Oxford (1840).  Various versions of this edition exist.

It is unclear from the Patrology whether the Curzon Coptic Catena (and it’s Arabic descendant) are also classified as a recension 2 text; perhaps someone could clarify this point.

Studies: R. Devreese, Dictionnaire de la Bible, Supplement 1 (Paris, 1928), pp. 1175-1181, on the Mark catenas.  M. Geerard, Clavis Patrum Graecorum 4, pp. 235-237.  Karo and Lietzman, (as in intro), pp.131-132.


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