A correspondent has written to me, enquiring about “9 homilies on the resurrection”. He’s been trying to find a text, and getting confused by what he finds, which includes spuria.
Looking at the Clavis Patrum Graecorum vol. 2, that list of the works of Chrysostom, is always a pleasure. One day I must make a list of all Chrysostom’s works and place it online, for not even Quasten’s Patrology deals with more than a handful.
Two editions of Chrysostom are listed in the CPG. Monfaucon’s edition, as reprinted by the Patrologia Graeca; and Henry Savile’s edition. Both can be found online.
CPG 4340 is De resurrectione mortuorum. This is found in PG50, 417-432; and Savile 6, 703-713. It begins Περὶ δογμάτων ὑμῖν ἔμπροσθεν διελέχθημεν (Peri\ dogma/twn u(mi=n e!mprosqen diele/xqhmen). An Armenian version also exists.
CPG 4341 is De resurrectione domini nostri Iesu Christi. This is PG50, 433-442, Sav.6 581-587. Incipit: Ἀπεθέμεθα τῆς νηστείας τὸ φορτίον (A0peqe/meqa th=j nhstei/aj to\ forti/on).
The importance of Chrysostom is so great, in Greek manuscripts, that a great number of writings have acquired his name in the process of transmission, among them works by Severian of Gabala, his enemy, and of course very many sermons. The Migne and Savile editions differ in what they include, each having material omitted by the other.
Among the spuria and dubia the CPG lists the following:
- CPG 4526 is In triduanam resurrectionem domini. PG50, 821-4. Sav.5, 592-5. Incipit: Χαίρετε ἐν κυρίῳ … Ὁ κύριος ἐκ νεκρῶν. (Xai/rete e)n kuri/w| … O( ku/rioj e)k nekrw=n).
CPG 4673 is In resurrectione domini. PG62, 753-756; Sav.7, 500-502. Incipit: Σφοδά μοι καὶ νῦν, ὡς ἀεὶ κρατεῖ τῆς διανοίας. (Sfoda/ moi kai\ nu=n, w(j a)ei\ kratei= th=j dianoi/as). Attributed to Proclus by Marx (Procliania, n.76, p.70 f.).
CPG 4740 is In resurrectionem domini. Incipit: Θεία τις ὡς ἔοικεν ἡ παροῦσα πανήγυρις (Qei/a tij w(j e!oiken h( parou=sa panh/gurij) See C. Baur, Traditio 9 (1953), p.116-9. Edited by M. Aubineau, Sources Chretiennes 187, 320-325.
CPG 4853 is unpublished, found only in Ms. Jerusalem Saba 103, fol. 109v-111. Incipit: Ἀναστάσεως ἡμέρα (A0nasta/sewj h(me/ra). This is In resurrectionem domini.
CPG 4996 is two unpublished homilies In resurrectionem domini. These are apparently discussed in C. Datema and P. Allen, Text and tradition of two Easter homilies of Ps. Chrysostom, in JÖB 30 (1981), 87-102, esp. 94-7. Incipit for 1: Πάντοτε μὲν χαίρειν πάρεστι τῇ καθ ἡμᾶς τοῦ Χριστοῦ ἐκκλησίᾳ (Pa/ntote me\n xai/rein pa/resti th=| kaq h(ma=j tou= Xristou= e0kklhsi/a|). Incipit for 2 is very like that for #1, but not given in full in CPGS.
And that’s our lot. There is no group of 9 homilies on the resurrection among the works of Chrysostom.
So where does our reference come from?
A set of 9 homilies on the resurrection appears in volume 3 of the 1546 Paris edition (“apud Guillielem Roland”) of Chrysostom’s works. In the table of contents here the item appears. On p.192 is a heading: “Divi Ioannis Chrysostomi episcopi Constantinopolitani de resurrectione homiliae novem”. According to this, it seems as if the Latin translation is by Erasmus himself! The opening words of the first homily are “De fidei nostrae placitis, deque gloria unigeniti filii dei”.
But what about the text, the 9 homilies on the resurrection? I confess that I am beaten. Anybody got any ideas?
UPDATE (5/12/13): The real objective here, if I understand it, is to locate the origin of “dies dominicus, alii diem panis, alii dicunt diem lucis” which appears in a Google search in homily 5 in a 1687 reprint of the 1547 edition here. The search on the words “Nox bonae”, also found in homily 5, finds several witnesses.
Both phrases appear in a homily by Augustine here, in Angelo Mai, “Nova Patrum bibliothecae”, vol. 1, Rome, 1852, p.344 f. This volume contains a collection of new sermons of Augustine, found in Vatican mss. Homily 152, on the resurrection of the Lord, published from ms. Vaticanus Latinus 1270, folio 4v, is the same material as “Chrysostom” in the 1546 edition.
If the early editor was printing bits of Augustine under Chrysostom’s name, clearly it is futile to look for any such work as Chrysostom.
The item publication postdates Migne, of course. Being Latin it will probably be listed in the Clavis Patrum Latinorum (CPL), which I don’t have access to at the moment. There is probably a CSEL publication, and a CCSL publication, which should be our reference of choice.
But of course the question then arises; is Mai right? Or is this spuriously attributed to Augustine? I learn from Google that most of these new sermons in Mai were not generally accepted as authentic.
UPDATE: The incipit for the “homily 5” is “Fratres, quam preciosa et grata hodie ecclesia nobis inclaruit”.
- J. Glomski, Annotated catalogue of early editions of Erasmus…, p.111.↩