In the name of God, One, Pre-Eternal, Everlasting, without beginning or end, to whom we resort.
1. Let us begin, with the help of the Most High God and the goodness of His assistance, to write the Book of History, compiled critically and with verification, the work of Patriarch Eutychius, called Sa‘īd ibn Batrīq.
God, powerful and exalted, created the world, with everything in it, and Adam and Eve, in six days. The creation of Adam took place on the sixth day. God blessed the seventh day, because on it He completed the work of creation, and led Adam and Eve into Paradise. He ordered that they could eat of all the trees except for the tree of knowledge, of which He forbade them to eat. The devil tempted Eve, and Eve disobeyed the order of the Most High God by eating the fruit picked from the tree and making Adam eat it. Because they disobeyed their Lord, [God] drove them from the garden, in the ninth hour of Friday, and exiled them to a mountain in India. He made them live on the earth and commanded them to reproduce so that they would multiply and fill the earth. Adam lay then with Eve who became pregnant and gave birth to a boy and a girl. Adam called the boy Cain and the girl Azrūn. Eve conceived again, and gave birth to a boy and a girl, and the boy Adam called Abel and the girl he called Uwayn, which in Greek means “Lafūra”. When the two boys grew up, Adam said to Eve: “Let Cain take Uwayn, who was delivered along with Abel, and Abel take Azrūn, who was delivered along with Cain.” Cain then said to Eve, his mother, “I will take my sister; let Abel take his”, because Azrūn was more beautiful than Uwayn. On hearing these words, Adam was very distressed and said: “It is against the commandment to take the sister who was brought forth with you”. Cain worked the land, and Abel was a keeper of sheep. Adam said to them: “Take the fruit of the land and some kids, go up on top of this holy mountain and offer your sacrifice. Then you may take your wives.” Cain brought the fruit of his land as a good and pure sacrifice to God, and Abel took the firstborn of his flock as a good and pure sacrifice to God. While they were intent on getting to the top of the mountain, the devil entered into the heart of Cain and incited him to kill his brother Abel because of his sister Azrūn. So God did not accept the sacrifice of Cain. For when they offered their sacrifices, God accepted Abel’s offering but disdained that of Cain. Great was the anger and great was the hatred of Cain against Abel and he envied his brother. As they were descending the mountain, Cain attacked Abel and struck him on the head with a stone and killed him. Adam and Eve were very distressed and mourned the death of Abel for a hundred years. God cursed Cain and his descendants. Cain was in fear and terror, and wandered all the days of his life. God sent him forth, still unmarried, to Nūd. Cain took with him his sister Azrūn and lived there. Then Adam lay with Eve, who conceived – Adam was then already two hundred and thirty years old – and gave birth to a boy and [Adam] called him Shīt. Shīt was pleasant faced, a giant, with a perfect complexion like his father, and was the father of the giants who lived before the flood. Adam gave to Shīt in marriage the sister of Cain, Uwayn, who bore him Anush. To Anush was born Qinan. Adam had many more children later. Feeling close to death, Adam called to him his son Shīt, Anush, son of Shīt, Qinan, the son of Anush, son of Shīt, and Mahlali’il, son of Qinan, and gave them instructions saying: “This command will apply to all your children. When I die, embalm my body with myrrh, frankincense and cinnamon and lay me down in the Cave of Treasures. When your children leave the area near paradise, let them take with them my body and bury me at the centre of the earth, because there will be my salvation and the salvation of my descendants”. Adam lived in total nine hundred and thirty years. He died on Friday, the fourteenth month, 6th Nisan, i.e. Barmūdah, in the ninth hour, in the same hour in which he had been cast out of paradise. When Adam died, his son Shīt embalmed him, as he had commanded him to do, he brought the body to the top of the mountain, as he had said, and hid him in the Cave of Treasures. They wept over him for one hundred and forty days.
- Eutychius is drawing upon material from the Arabic text of The Cave of Treasures, but this gives different names to the daughters of Adam. Josephus, Antiquities book 1, chapter 2, states that Adam had three daughters, but does not name them. Pirone does not explain “lafura”.↩
- Gen.4:16. The Cave of Treasures calls the place al-Aksūriyā. Josephus I 2:2 says Cain founded a city called Nud and lived there.↩
- I.e. Seth. Much of what follows is from The Cave of Treasures or a related source, which is trying to align the events of Adam’s life to prefigure those of Christ.↩
- I.e. at Jerusalem, where Christ will be crucified.↩